Nulla di più sbagliato: come si può leggere su alcuni cartelli, le persone devono indossare la mascherina per evitare di contagiare gli altri in caso di influenza, raffreddore o un semplice mal di gola. Capitale Wine, Hong Kong, Hong Kong. [3] Code-switching, mixing English and Cantonese in informal conversation, is common among the bilingual population. [65] The colonial government prepared for a possible attack, evacuating all British women and children in 1940. [59] After more than a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. The name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour". We offer strong post-investment support to portfolio companies with our prestigious business and investor network in the region. It is located across Victoria Harbour from Tsim Sha Tsui, the southernmost point of Kowloon Peninsula. [134] Although universal suffrage for Chief Executive and all Legislative Council elections are defined goals of Basic Law Articles 45 and 68,[135] the legislature is only partially directly elected and the executive continues to be nominated by an unrepresentative body. Local versions of Western food are served at cha chaan teng (fast, casual restaurants). With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. The race was revived as a modern sport as part of the Tourism Board's efforts to promote Hong Kong's image abroad. [20][e], Originally a sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages,[16] the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports. [314] Ten non-domestic broadcasters air programming for the territory's foreign population. [212][213] The Closer Partnership Economic Arrangement formalised a policy of free trade between the two areas, with each jurisdiction pledging to remove remaining obstacles to trade and cross-boundary investment. "To restore calm in Hong Kong, try democracy", Guidelines on the Legislative Council Election 2016, LegCo and DC Member Political Affiliations 2017, "Legislation Summary: Hong Kong National Security Law", Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Passports Ordinance, Constitution of the People's Republic of China, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, "List of Treaties in Force and Applicable to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region", "Ireland suspends its extradition treaty with Hong Kong", "Trump ends preferential economic treatment for Hong Kong", "Meanings of Right of Abode and Other Terms", Immigration Department, "New ways to help Hong Kong's human trafficking victims", "Human trafficking in Hong Kong: hidden in plain sight", "Fed up with human trafficking, Hong Kong migrant workers hold vigil demanding justice", "Hong Kong must lead the fight against human trafficking, rather than just do the bare minimum", "Harsh Penalties, Vaguely Defined Crimes: Hong Kong's Security Law Explained", "Hong Kong National Security Law Promulgated, Came into Effect June 30, 2020", "UK says China's security law is serious violation of Hong Kong treaty", "Hong Kong pro-democracy politicians arrested", "Land Use in Hong Kong 2017", Planning Department, "The Natural Environment, Plants & Animals in Hong Kong", "Extreme Values and Dates of Occurrence of Extremes of Meteorological Elements between 1884 and 1939 and 1947–2017 for Hong Kong", "Monthly Meteorological Normals for Hong Kong", "Extreme Values and Dates of Occurrence of Extremes of Meteorological Elements between 1884-1939 and 1947-2017 for Hong Kong", Standing Committee Interpretation Concerning Implementation of Chinese Nationality Law in Hong Kong, Developing a Supplementary Guide to the Chinese Language Curriculum for Non-Chinese Speaking Students 2008, "Hong Kong ranked world's freest economy for 18th consecutive year", "Mainland and Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA)", "Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (HK-Macao CEPA)", House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee Tenth Report 2015, "Despite worldwide changes, multinationals focus on mobile workforces to support career growth and ensure competitiveness", NY/NJ Port Authority Airport Traffic 2017, "Ferry Services to Macau and the Mainland Ports", "HKU POP releases survey on Hong Kong people's ethnic identity and the 2018 review and 2019 forecast survey", Women and Men in Hong Kong Key Statistics 2017, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Ordinance, The Education University of Hong Kong Ordinance, The Open University of Hong Kong Ordinance. [158] The territory has a diverse ecosystem; over 3,000 species of vascular plants occur in the region (300 of which are native to Hong Kong), and thousands of insect, avian, and marine species.[159][160]. Since resumption of cross-boundary train service in 1979, many rail and road links have been improved and constructed (facilitating trade between regions). [168] Single-family detached homes are extremely rare and generally only found in outlying areas. The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands. [92] Under these terms and the "one country, two systems" principle, the Basic Law of Hong Kong is the regional constitution.[93]. [48] [230] Connecting service to the national high-speed rail system is provided at West Kowloon railway station. [36] Although the source of the romanised name is unknown, it is generally believed to be an early phonetic rendering of the Cantonese pronunciation hēung góng. The four wans are further divided into nine yeuks (Chinese: 約; Jyutping: joek3; pinyin: yuē, similar to "district" or "neighbourhood"). The 30 limited electorate functional constituencies fill their seats using first-past-the-post or instant-runoff voting. Hong Kong couvre un territoire réduit de 1 110 km 2, frontalier de la province chinoise du Guangdong. [163] The highest and lowest recorded temperatures in all of Hong Kong are 39.0 °C (102 °F) at Wetland Park on 22 August 2017,[164] and −6.0 °C (21.2 °F) at Tai Mo Shan on 24 January 2016. [238] It is the eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic,[239] and handles the most air-cargo traffic in the world. The City of Victoria,[1] often called Victoria City or simply Victoria, is the de facto capital of Hong Kong during the British colonial period,[3] and the de jure capital of the HKSAR. La domanda giusta sarebbe: com'è possibile fare un viaggio in Cina e non visitare Hong Kong? [39] The name was also commonly written as the single word Hongkong until 1926, when the government officially adopted the two-word name. A variety of Chinese-language newspapers are published daily; the most prominent are Ming Pao, Oriental Daily News, and Apple Daily. [44], The Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. Typhoons occur most often then, sometimes resulting in floods or landslides. [24] Hong Kong is home to the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world,[25] the highest number of billionaires of any city in Asia, and the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world. Buildings were made of granite and brick. [313] Pay TV services operated by Cable TV Hong Kong and PCCW offer hundreds of additional channels and cater to a variety of audiences. The city-state’s estimated population was 7.5 million residents as of July 2020. [194] The city has the most billionaires per capita, with one billionaire per 109,657 people. [45] Bronze Age Hong Kong was featured with coarse pottery, hard pottery, quartz and stone jewelry, as well as small bronze implements. 1 Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance ─ Schedule 1 Boundaries of the City of Victoria, https://www.elegislation.gov.hk/hk/cap1?xpid=ID_1438402522937_002, "Cap 1 Sched 1 Boundaries of the City of Victoria (Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance)", Volume 22 Inland Revenue Board of Review decisions, CACC186A/1987 The Queen v Currency Brokers (H.K.) This was influenced by British-style education, a separate political system, and the territory's rapid development during the late 20th century. [8] However, the name is still used in places such as Victoria Park, Victoria Peak, Victoria Harbour, Victoria Prison, and a number of roads and streets. [21] It is the world's tenth-largest exporter and ninth-largest importer. They were charged with contempt and interfering with members of the council, while none of the pro-Beijing lawmakers were detained. [199] It is the world's 35th-largest economy, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$373 billion. The Census and Statistics Department estimated Hong Kong's population at 7,482,500 in mid-2019. Under the doctrine of "positive non-interventionism", post-war administrations deliberately avoided the direct allocation of resources; active intervention was considered detrimental to economic growth. It occupies the areas known in modern times as Central, Admiralty, Sheung Wan, Wan Chai, East Point, Shek Tong Tsui, the Mid-levels, the Peak, Happy Valley, Tin Hau, and Kennedy Town, on Hong Kong Island. The government was forced to use substantial foreign exchange reserves to maintain the Hong Kong dollar's currency peg during the 1997 Asian financial crisis,[69] and the recovery from this was muted by an H5N1 avian-flu outbreak[79] and a housing surplus. Mainland firms represent over half of the Hang Seng Index value, up from five per cent in 1997. These were especially prolific during the immediate post-war period, when many were rapidly built to house large numbers of Chinese migrants. The State Council (led by the Premier of China) appoints the Chief Executive after nomination by the Election Committee, which is composed of 1,200 business, community, and government leaders. [302] Along with the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and City University of Hong Kong, these universities are ranked among the best in Asia. [211] "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" and "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Chinese today. We focus on Fintech and Deeptech in Europe that have the ambition and potential to scale their business in Asia. Capitale Wine is your best source for great wines from all around the world! Elle se situe à l’extrémité du delta de la Rivière des Perles, avec laquelle elle forme la plus grande région urbaine du monde. [312] RTHK is the public broadcaster, providing seven radio channels and three television channels. Traditional Chinese values emphasising family and education blend with Western ideals, including economic liberty and the rule of law. Attualmente, Hong Kong è la città più influente del sud-est Asiatico.Inoltre, è considerata una delle regioni con maggior densità di popolazione di tutto il pianeta, visto che ha oltre 7 milioni di abitanti in soli 1000 chilometri quadrati. [274] When Bruce Lee's Way of the Dragon was released in 1972, local productions became popular outside Hong Kong. City of Victoria is located at 48.4284° N, 123.3656° W at an elevation of 1811'. [50], The earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. Mainstream culture is derived from immigrants originating from various parts of China. Ofrece a sus visitantes, un ambiente totalmente natural en el centro de la ciudad, que alberga una espectacular colección de plantas y algunos pequeños a… [275] Hong Kong cinema continued to be internationally successful over the following decade with critically acclaimed dramas such as Farewell My Concubine, To Live, and Chungking Express. All remain, except for the one in Magazine Gap Road, which disappeared around mid-June 2007. [151], In October 2020, Hong Kong authorities had arrested seven politicians from the pro-democracy camp over its tussles with pro-Beijing politicians during the Legislative Council in May. The Qing were again defeated and forced to give up Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island in the Convention of Peking. [190] Cancer, pneumonia, heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and accidents are the territory's five leading causes of death. [244] Junks, once common in Hong Kong waters, are no longer widely available and are used privately and for tourism. Lee Lai-shan won the territory's first and only Olympic gold medal at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. [315], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°18′N 114°12′E / 22.3°N 114.2°E / 22.3; 114.2, Special administrative region in People's Republic of China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Political reforms and sociopolitical issues, No specific variety of Chinese is official in the territory. [223] The city is ranked as one of the most expensive cities for expatriates. 563 likes. It is the most popular Chinese city for tourists, receiving over 70 per cent more visitors than its closest competitor (Macau). The City of Victoria, often called Victoria City or simply Victoria, is the de facto capital of Hong Kong during the British colonial period, and the de jure capital of the HKSAR. [221] While the economy transitioned to a service basis during the 1980s,[221] late colonial governments introduced interventionist policies. [90], Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national government. However decisions made by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress override any territorial judicial process. The first modern competition was organised in 1976, and overseas teams began competing in the first international race in 1993. [292] Children are required to attend school from the age of six until completion of secondary education, generally at age 18. [234] More than 18,000 taxicabs, easily identifiable by their bright colour, are licensed to carry riders in the territory. Hong Kong, capitale mondiale des logements de luxe. [28][29], Hong Kong is a highly developed territory and ranks fourth on the UN Human Development Index. [40] Some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric Company, Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC). In 1857, the British government expanded the scope of Victoria City and divided it into four wans (Chinese: 環; Jyutping: waan4; pinyin: huán; lit. ", "All aboard: Hong Kong bullet train signals high-speed integration with China", "Ingenious Flipper Bridge Melds Left-Side Drivers With Right-Side Drivers", "China makes its military more visible in Hong Kong", "Racism is rife in Hong Kong and the Equal Opportunities Commission is a toothless hamster to tackle it", "These Are the Cities With the Most Ultra-Rich People", "Going up! Winters are mild and usually sunny at the beginning, becoming cloudy towards February; an occasional cold front brings strong, cooling winds from the north. [278] The genre's popularity peaked in the 1990s, when the Four Heavenly Kings dominated Asian record charts. [80] This was followed by the 2003 SARS epidemic, during which the territory experienced its most serious economic downturn. These advise the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning, community programme maintenance, cultural promotion, and environmental policy. Similarly, the Chief Executive is selected by establishment politicians and corporate members of the Election Committee rather than directly elected. [283], Despite its small area, the territory is home to a variety of sports and recreational facilities. [171][172], Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. La capitale officielle et politique du pays Hong-Kong est : <<<< Hong Kong >>>>. ' Nom anglais: Hong Kong Nom espagnol: Hong Kong Superficie: 1 104 km 2: Continent: Asie Population (est. [181][182][183] The remaining eight per cent are non-ethnic Chinese minorities, primarily Filipinos, Indonesians, and South Asians. [256] Mobile-phone use is ubiquitous;[257] there are more than 18 million mobile-phone accounts,[258] more than double the territory's population. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. [188], Among the religious population, the traditional "three teachings" of China, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, have the most adherents (20 per cent), and are followed by Christianity (12 per cent) and Islam (4 per cent). Early inhabitants are believed to be Austronesians in the Middle Neolithic period and later the Yueh[disambiguation needed] people. [68], Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949. [15], In the 1890s, Victoria extended four miles west to east along the coastal strip. [32] The Octopus card, a contactless smart payment card, is widely accepted on railways, buses and ferries, and can be used for payment in most retail stores. [11] Although Hong Kong's economy has ranked at the top of the Heritage Foundation's economic freedom index since 1995,[200][201] the territory has a relatively high level of income disparity. [249] The rest is from other imports, including nuclear energy generated in mainland China. The capital of Hong Kong is City of Victoria, which was founded 1842. [173] However, many examples of European and Lingnan architecture are still found throughout the territory. [231], Although public transport systems handle most passenger traffic, there are over 500,000 private vehicles registered in Hong Kong. [30] The dense space led to a developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90 percent. [121] Although the Chairman of the Central Military Commission is supreme commander of the armed forces,[122] the regional government may request assistance from the garrison. [115], The territory's jurisdictional independence is most apparent in its immigration and taxation policies. ", "Hong Kong topples New York as world's richest city", "China Resumes Control of Hong Kong, Concluding 156 Years of British Rule", "It's fade out for Hong Kong's film industry as China moves into the spotlight", "Hong Kong's Mile-Long Escalator System Elevates the Senses: A Stairway to Urban Heaven", "World's longest sea-crossing bridge opens between Hong Kong and China", "Hong Kong pro-democracy legislators disqualified from parliament", "Forgotten stories of the great escape to Hong Kong", "Top 10 Hong Kong skyscraper nicknames, from the Big Syringe to the Hong Kong Finger", "A Hong Kong court has disqualified two legislators who refused to take their oath "correctly, "Hong Kong's umbrella revolution – the Guardian briefing", "Hong Kong Imports Over 90% of Its Food. Over 90 per cent of daily trips are made on public transport, the highest percentage in the world. ". At the height of the local movie industry in the early 1990s, over 400 films were produced each year; since then, industry momentum shifted to mainland China. [51][52] Portuguese merchants established a trading post called Tamão in Hong Kong waters and began regular trade with southern China. Hong Kong è una delle metropoli più ricche e caratteristiche del pianeta e ultimamente sta facendo molto parlare di sé il suo “rapporto” con la Cina continentale.. [7], Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region and Hong Kong is treated as a separate jurisdiction. The predominant language is Cantonese, a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s,[53] Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were re-established by 1549. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between British sailors and local fishermen. [119][120], The Hong Kong Garrison of the People's Liberation Army is responsible for the region's defence. Hong Kong, officiellement la région administrative spéciale de Hong Kong de la république populaire de Chine, est la plus grande et la plus peuplée des deux régions administratives spéciales de la république populaire de Chine, l'autre étant Macao. The territory was the first market outside mainland China for renminbi-denominated bonds, and is one of the largest hubs for offshore renminbi trading. [44] Neolithic to Bronze Age Hong Kong settlers were semi-coastal people. Hong Kong , officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a metropolitan area and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China on the eastern Pearl River Delta of the South China Sea. [22][23] Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and its currency, the Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. [3] Traditional Chinese characters are used in writing, rather than the simplified characters used on the mainland. However, both countries were dissatisfied and did not ratify the agreement. [311], Three free-to-air television broadcasters operate in the territory; TVB, HKTVE, and Hong Kong Open TV air three analogue and eight digital channels. Dispu k' elle a stî rmetowe al Chine, elle a on statut di «redjon a pårt». In 1841, Britain took control over the island of Hong Kong. [264], Traditional Chinese family values, including family honour, filial piety, and a preference for sons, are prevalent. On the west – A line running due north and south drawn through the north-west angle of Inland Lot No. [285][286], Hong Kong represents itself separately from mainland China, with its own sports teams in international competitions. Thirty FC councillors are selected from limited electorates representing sectors of the economy or special interest groups,[105] and the remaining five members are nominated from sitting District Council members and selected in region-wide double direct elections. Hong Kong Infrastruttura . Hong Kong's political and judicial systems may be integrated with China's at that time, or the territory may continue to be administered separately. Rapid economic improvement during the 1850s attracted foreign investment, as potential stakeholders became more confident in Hong Kong's future. Es uno de los jardines y zoológicos más antiguos del mundo, ubicados en el Pico Victoria región administrativa de Hong Kong, exactamente en el lado sur de la República Popular de China. 1299 and extending southwards a distance of 850 feet from the aforesaid angle; On the south – A line running due east from the southern extremity of the western boundary until it meets a contour in the vicinity of the Hill above Belchers 700 feet above principal datum, that is to say, a level 17.833 feet below the bench-mark known as "Rifleman's Bolt", the highest point of a copper bolt set horizontally in the east wall of the Royal Navy Office and Mess Block Naval Dockyard, and thence following the said contour until it meets the eastern boundary; On the east – A line following the west side of the Government Pier, Bay View and thence along the west side of Hing Fat Street, then along the north side of Causeway Road to Moreton Terrace. The Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra, composed of classical Chinese instruments, is the leading Chinese ensemble and plays a significant role in promoting traditional music in the community. Common cha chaan teng menu items include macaroni in soup, deep-fried French toast, and Hong Kong-style milk tea. [191] The universal public healthcare system is funded by general-tax revenue, and treatment is highly subsidised; on average, 95 per cent of healthcare costs are covered by the government. [269], Food in Hong Kong is primarily based on Cantonese cuisine, despite the territory's exposure to foreign influences and its residents' varied origins. [147][148], In 2020, in a period of large-scale protests, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress passed the controversial Hong Kong national security law. [12] The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world, with a market capitalisation of HK$30.4 trillion (US$3.87 trillion) as of December 2018[update]. [222], Tourism is a major part of the economy, accounting for five per cent of GDP. Summer is hot and humid, with occasional showers and thunderstorms and warm air from the southwest. [246] The Central and Western District has an extensive system of escalators and moving pavements, including the Mid-Levels escalator (the world's longest outdoor covered escalator system). Ltd and Robert Lee Flickinger, Antiquities and Monuments Office website: "Boundary Stone, City of Victoria", Boundary of the City of Victoria as defined in Hong Kong Laws, A article on the "four wans and nine yeuks" in Chinese, Another article on "four wans and nine yeuks", A photographic panorama of the water-front and city of Victoria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Victoria,_Hong_Kong&oldid=993819330, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [84] Discrepancies in the electoral registry and disqualification of elected legislators after the 2016 Legislative Council elections[85][86][87] and enforcement of national law in the West Kowloon high-speed railway station raised further concerns about the region's autonomy.