Like most survivors, Jean Rossi probably suffered from a variety of chronic physical disabilities and post-traumatic stress disorders for the rest of his life. 1 , Part A. This camp was located in Hersbruck, Germany. Hersbruck est une ville de Bavière , située dans l'arrondissement du Pays-de-Nuremberg, dans le district de Moyenne-Franconie. Flossenbürg was a Nazi concentration camp built in May 1938 by the SS Main Economic and Administrative Office.Unlike other concentration camps, it was located in a remote area, in the Fichtel Mountains of Bavaria, adjacent to the town of Flossenbürg and near the German border with Czechoslovakia.The camp's initial purpose was to exploit the forced labor of prisoners for the … Le but des sous-champs de Dachau. TNA FO HNP/3237 (Rossi, Jean) Many of the prisoners did not survive the 90-mile march. Contact us with information about your family member so we can add more to their page on the website. The main camp consisted of 15 overcrowded prisoner barracks, three barracks for the infirmary, a camp office, a kitchen, the toilets, mortuary, and an open square for roll call. Le travail des détenus consiste à déblayer les … Locations: Hersbruck module: Badstr. 29 févr. The site of Hersbruck Concentration Camp in 1936, prior to the construction of the prisoner barracks. My parents did not work anywhere outside the camp. Jean and Marcel Rossi arrived in Hersbruck on 15 February 1945 from Gross-Rosen Concentration Camp. Because of “mitigating circumstances” such as the fact that the guard’s father was supposedly an alcoholic and that he had “no moral guidance” in his upbringing, and the fact that the camp circumstances were brutal for all concerned, led to this SS guard receiving a sentence of five years’ prison for the four murders he committed. in 91217 Hersbruck, Bavaria, Germany. We were in the same camps till this camp was evacuated, we were then parted. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum , Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis, 2009, pp. Includes maps of the former camp location overlaid on current street maps and a map showing the forced march from Hersbruck towards Dachau Concentration Camp. Most of the prisoners were subject to such conditions. Further information: Project documentation Press Release by the Bavarian State Parliament Announcement by the Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial. On many occasions, prisoners were bloodily beaten down to the ground. Klee, Ernst: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich, Wer war was vor und nach 1945 (The Lexikon of People in the Third Reich, Who was what before and after 1945), S. Fischer Verlagn, Frankfurt am Main 2007, p. 159 (in German). (Courtesy of KZ-Gedenkstätte Flossenbürg,, Between Amberger Str. La décision de mettre en place le camp de Flossenbürg, datant de Mars 1938, Il est dans le cadre de la restructuration du système de camps de concentration dans lequel, en plus de l'emprisonnement et l'intimidation des opposants politiques, y compris l'exploitation du travail libre des prisonniers jusqu'à ce que « l'extermination par le travail » (Vernichtung durch Arbeit). Russie: un faux camp de concentration fait polémique en Carélie. Hersbruck was thus one of the largest satellite camps of the Flossenbürg concentration camp; it also noted an especially high death rate. The building behind it was the SS headquarters, later used as the city’s finance office. Hersbruck Concentration Camp was located in Bavaria, Germany, belonging to the district Nürnberger. 29 août 2020 - Dachau - Auschwitz - Buchenwald - Birkenau - Ravensbruck - Majdanek - Bergen-Belsen . It was later moved to a less visible location behind the barracks. At the end of February 1945 there were 5,863 prisoners in the Hersbruck subcamp. I remember the camp … Weinmann, Martin (editor): Das nationalsozialistische Lagersystem, Zweitausendiens, Frankfurt am Main, 4th edition, 2004. Hersbruck, near Nuernberg, camp name was Camp Kathann. Megargee, Geoffrey P. (editor): Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos, 1933–1945, Vol. He was the only Channel Islander of four to survive Gross-Rosen and Hersbruck concentration camps. The Hersbruck camp barracks were razed in 1951 to make way for a new suburb and tennis courts. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Camp de concentration, Holocauste, Allemagne nazi. Le 20 avril 1945, alors que les troupes alliées approchent, le camp est évacué en quatre colonnes qui comprennent au total 14 800 détenus, dont l'une atteint Dachau. Les détenus durent détacher du … In May and June 1944, the prisoners were initially quartered in the hall of an inn and in a barn in Happurg. At the end of February 1945 there were 5,863 prisoners in the Hersbruck subcamp. The location where his son Marcel died and where his mortal remains are located remain unknown. Landsberg am Lech developed where a major historic salt road crossed over the Lech. Jean Rossi was placed on a forced march from Hersbruck that left between 5-13 April 1945, and was liberated by American troops later that month in Schwandorf, a town about 36 miles southeast of Hersbruck. Home / Prisons / Hersbruck Concentration Camp, Channel Islanders Imprisoned in Hersbruck Concentration Camp. The official cause of death listed on the death certificates of hanged prisoners was ‘heart weakness’ (Herzschwäche), a typical Nazi tactic to cover up their crimes. Foster was particularly violent, while Fügner and Schwarz undertook nothing to alleviate the catastrophic living conditions of the prisoners. Among them were more than 1,300 Jews. During the Nazi Regime, Hersbruck was a subsidiary camp of Flossenbürg concentration camp. Most of the deceased victims in Hersbruck were cremated in Nuremberg. +49 9603-90390-0document.getElementById("5fdd56ff5be0f").innerHTML = "vasbezngvba@trqraxfgnrggr-sybffraohret.qr".replace(/[a-zA-Z]/g, function(c) {return String.fromCharCode((c<="Z"?90:122)>=(c=c.charCodeAt(0)+13)?c:c-26);}); Copyright © 2020 KZ-Gedenkstätte Flossenbürg. The camp was evacuated in April 1945 and the prisoners were deported in the direction of Dachau, partly by train and partly on foot. It was razed in 2007, despite being the last remaining structure left of the concentration camp. En définitive, c'est la disposition en cuvette de la vallée qui empêcha une large expansion du camp de concentration. Camps extérieurs; Hersbruck; Partager Partager sur WhatsApp Partager sur Facebook Partager sur Twitter. In February 1945 he fell ill with pneumonia. Les premiers camps de concentration (auparavant souvent dénommés camps de concentration « sauvages ») regroupent les camps créés après la prise de pouvoir par Adolf Hitler, de manière non systématique et dans des conditions différentes de rattachement, afin d'éliminer les opposants politiques au nazisme. The purpose of this project is to keep track of all of the profiles of the displaced persons or Holocaust Survivors who were residents of the Hersbruck Displaced Persons Camp. In Schupf and Hubmersberg monuments were also erected at locations where corpses of prisoners were cremated. Coming from the occupied countries of southern and western Europe, mainly Italian and French nationals were imprisoned in Hersbruck. Coming from the occupied countries of southern and western Europe, mainly Italian and French nationals were imprisoned in Hersbruck. By what I have gathered, he was sent to Flossenbürg with other sick [people]. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Alphabetical list of Flossenbürg inmates, microfilm RG-30.005M, via (Jean Rossi listed as “John Rossi” at this source). It was razed in 2007, despite being the last remaining structure left of the concentration camp. Search All 7 Records in Our Collections. Hersbruck . View of the subcamp Hersbruck after the liberation, 1945. 90 000 y périront. The 65th Infantry Division at German concentration camps in World War II : Ohrdruf, Hersbruck and Mauthausen : end of the war, meet the Russians & repatriation of camp inmates, German POWs & displaced persons, summer of 1945 ( Book ) Rüter-Ehlermann, Adelheid (editor): Justiz und NS-Verbrechen, vol. Sanders, Paul: The Ultimate Sacrifice, Jersey Heritage Trust, Jersey, 2004. Two-thirds of the prisoners came from Poland, Hungary, and the Soviet Union. de Joseph Sepp Dietrich sur Pinterest. The overcrowded trains of freight cars, reached after several days the Buchenwald concentration camp, Flossenburg, the sub-camps of Hersbruck and Leitmeritz, Mauthausen, Dora, Nordhausen and the the main camp … From around 1,900 prisoners in August 1944, the number of prisoners rose dramatically with nearly 6,000 inmates by the end of March 1945. He was also accused of having shot three prisoners on the forced march towards Dachau in April 1945. À cet effet on entama une carrière à l'intérieur même du camp de concentration. In 2009, the city erected two information plaques at the camp’s former site. +49 9603-90390-0document.getElementById("5fdd56ff5bdec").innerHTML = "vasbezngvba@trqraxfgnrggr-sybffraohret.qr".replace(/[a-zA-Z]/g, function(c) {return String.fromCharCode((c<="Z"?90:122)>=(c=c.charCodeAt(0)+13)?c:c-26);}); Tunnel system in Happurg, 1987 (Staatliches Bauamt Nuremberg). Landsberg is situated on the Romantic Road and is the center of the Lechrain region, the boundary region between Swabia and Bavaria.It is noted for its picturesque historic center. Forced and standard civilian labourers worked along side concentration camp inmates. It was the third largest camp in Southern Germany and operated as a satellite camp for the Flossenburg Concentration Camp. In 1965 restitution testimonials, Jean Rossi recounted that Hersbruck was “very very bad”, but unfortunately left no other descriptions of the conditions there. View of the Houbirg Mountain and the reservoir in Happurg, 2019 (Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial / Photo: Rainer Viertlböck). It was relocated in a simplified form to the bank of the newly built Happurg reservoir. The actual evacuation took place on the 8th and 9th of February 1945. 2020 - Découvrez le tableau "Camps de Concentration." Camps de concentration des années 1930. The prisoners were forced to perform heavy labour with no consideration whatsoever for the poor state of their health, which just got worse. The building behind it was the SS headquarters, later used as the city’s finance office. Retour à la vue d'ensemble. Localisation: Près de Bayreuth. L'objectif de ce Kommando est d'installer une usine souterraine pour la fabrication de moteurs d'avion. Ancienne ville forte, la ville possède de belles demeures anciennes et les vestiges d'une fortification médiévale. SS detachment leader Ludwig Schwarz was put on trial in Nuremberg in 1951 and was sentenced to death, but most of the other camp functionaries were given light sentences. A gallows for the execution of prisoners was erected on the roll-call square of the camp on 31 August 1944. found: Sagen Sie, Herr Pfarrer, wie kommen Sie zur SS? The chances of a prisoner surviving Hersbruck was about 50%; every second prisoner in this concentration camp died there or on the ensuing death march. Estimation du nombre de victimes: 92.000; Camps annexes: 31 camps annexes et kommandos extérieurs (cliquez ici pour la liste de ces camps annexes) Vue générale de Ravensbrück à la libération. German prisoners formed a minority. Jean Rossi and his son Marcel Rossi were the only Channel Islanders imprisoned in Hersbruck Concentration Camp K (Z-Außenlager Hersbruck, Lager Hersbruck). Lenz, Hans-Friedrich: Sagen Sie Herr Pfarrer, wie kommen Sie zur SS? It is presumed that Marcel Rossi died somewhere along this route and was buried in an improvised grave, as were so many other prisoners. 400 men, mainly air force soldiers. In 1945 a monument was erected on the remains of the crematorium. Avec l'intensification des attaques aériennes alliées sur l'industrie militaire allemande après 1943, le ministre allemand de l'armement et le chef de la SS ils ont convenu d'accélérer la construction d'énormes usines souterraines, en utilisant un certain nombre de travailleurs et prisonniers recrutés dans des camps de concentration. One of the former guards in Hersbruck, a Luftwaffe sergeant who later became an SS-Hauptscharführer in the Waffen-SS, was alleged to have crushed the skull of a French prisoner with a pistol “until his blood was splattered all over the walls and he collapsed”, which led to the prisoner’s death. The former SS Headquarters of Hersbruck were used as the city’s finance office after the war and razed in 2007, despite being the last remaining relic of Hersbruck Concentration Camp, where at least 4,000 people — primarily Hungarian Jews — perished under brutal conditions. 696-722 (Trial of former Hersbruck officials in the State Court of Nuremberg-Fürth, 13 July 1950). His father spent years trying without success to learn of his son’s fate. TNA FO 950/1767 (Rossi, Marcel). A Ravensbrück, au nord de Berlin, s'est tenu il y a quelques années une exposition sur une page touchante de l'horreur du nazisme: dans l'ancien siège d'un camp de concentration nazi connu, à prédominance féminine, on peut prendre connaissance de l'histoire de de nombreuses prisonnières, contraintes à la prostitution, entre 1942 et 1945. Some 4,000 deaths. Last time I saw him, I was in Hersbruck Concentration Camp. +Gestapo Hersbruck (Concentration camp) Hersbruck concentration camp Label from public data source Wikidata; Sources. The Wiener Library, London: file on Marcel Rossi, , document reference 89592047. The documentation site Hersbruck/Happurg is opening to the public on Monday, 25th January. Hersbruck, dix kilomètres à l’est de Nuremberg, était après Leitmeritz (Litomerice) le deuxième plus grand camp extérieur du camp de concentration de Flossenbürg.